Hadrian’s Wall was built between AD122-130 on the orders of the Roman Emperor Hadrian to mark the northern frontier of the Roman Empire. The wall was the most ambitious building project undertaken in Roman Britain snaking 73 miles from Wallsend on the east coast of England to Bowness-on-Solway on the west coast of England.
Nearly 2,000 years have passed since Hadrian’s Wall was originally built and although much of the wall at either end has been destroyed, the scenic sections that run through Northumberland remain largely intact. The wall was granted UNESCO World Heritage Status in 1984, finally putting to an end the “recycling” of the stone quarried and used by the Roman legions to build Hadrian’s Wall.
Of the 15 Roman Forts originally built as part of Hadrian’s Wall, only 8 remain today, 5 of which can be found in Northumberland, 2 in Newcastle and 1 in Cumbria. Perhaps the best known of the remaining forts on the wall are Vindolanda and Housesteads, both of which have been extensively excavated.
Several museums can be found close to Hadrian’s Wall. Many of these museums display the artefacts found during the ongoing excavations of the forts giving visitors the chance to gain a valuable insight into the lives of those who lived on, and defended Hadrian’s Wall.