Berwick's town walls are its most famous piece of architecture and still stand strong today, hundreds of years after they were built. Berwick actually has two sets of walls, the first set (of which only fragments now remain), commenced by Edward I, was two miles long. The later Elizabethan Walls (which are still complete) are a mile and a-quarter in length. The ramparts completely surround the town, with four gates through which entry to the town is enabled.
Berwick's Elizabethan Walls are the only example of bastioned town walls in Britain and one of the best preserved examples in Europe. When built in 1558 - designed to keep out the marauding Scots who regularly laid claim to the town - it was the most expensive undertaking of England's Golden Age.
The walls were built to an Italian design and contained bastions which were designed to allow gunfire covering every part of the wall. Outside the curtain wall and bastions, there were wide water-filled ditches to deter potential invaders.Walking around the town walls takes about 45 minutes and is a great way to discover Berwick's turbulent history You can also take in stunning views over the town and look out towards the wide sandy beaches of the North Sea and the Tweed estuary with its colony of mute swans.
Many of The Lowry Trail panels are on the Walls - Follow in L.S.Lowry's footsteps as you explore the town.
The ramparts are open all year round - entry is free.
|Type||Entry for||Guide price|
|No admission charge.|
unique experience and thoroughly enjoyable
We roamed at will along the ramparts around Berwick on three different days. It was a delightful experience reading the historical signs, and enjoying the various views of the city and the North Sea at different times of day. These ramparts make Berwick a unique place to visit. People were very friendly and so were their many dogs!
A Beautiful Walk
PrestburyLad, Manchester, United Kingdom
Each time we stay in Bamburgh we visit Berwick to walk the Elizabethan Town Walls. It's like 'walking on history'. When you think back to the wars between England and Scotland and the way that the ownership of Berwick changed hands so many times it's easy to imagine the bitter conflicts that took place around these historic walls. One place we like to stop is to view the large stone built house that apparently L S Lowry 'almost bought'. We do have our doubts about whether he was really serious - what would a lonely, single man have done with such a large property. But it's a good story ! Lowry loved his painting holidays in Berwick and there is a Lowry Trail to follow. From the walls you can see three imposing bridges over the River Tweed. It's also interesting to view the Merchant Houses situated alongside the walls that tell of a time when Berwick was a thriving place for wealthy merchants to work, live and make their fortunes.
MOT M, Bournemouth
Choose a fine day and you will be rewarded with a superb walk with fantastic views over the sea, the town and miles beyond. Stop to read the information panels and wonder how our ancestors built the fortifications.
so much history
bewrayer, United Kingdom
An extremely interesting walk around Berwick upon Tweed with lots of information presented along the way. The defences are well preserved with many interesting waypoints, views of the Tweed, lighthouse, sea, a cannon from Sevastopol and much more. It is worth continuing the walk by the banks of the Tweed to see the Royal Border Bridge designed by Robert Stephenson. One visit was not enough for me.
Use the local guide
A local historian, Derek Sharma offers guided walks daily from the Information Centre at the Library. Excellent tour with access to areas which are usually closed to the public. Well worth taking the tour - Derek knows everything!